考研英语二高频核心词Day03.(考研英语二真题电子版)

the future is scary but you can’t just run to the past cause it’s familiar.
未来会让人心生畏惧,但是我们却不能因为习惯了过去,就逃回过去。
核心词汇 | day03.

21.happiness

n.幸福
例:sure enough, firms, investment and r&d intensity were correlated with the happiness of the area in which they were headquartered.可以肯定的是,公司的投入和研发力度与公司总部所在地的幸福指数相关。(2010年完型)
记:单词happy(表示“幸福的”,y变i)+名词后缀-ness(构成抽象名词,表示状态)=单词happiness(幸福)

22.keep
v.(使)保持,处于
vt.①供养,养活②(为某人)保留,留下
n.生活必须品,生活费用
搭:keep an eye out for sth.留心/注意某物
keep (sth.) in mind 记住(某物)
keep an eye on sb. /sth. 紧盯/密切注视某人/某物
例:v.(使)保持,处于
but a boost in the storage capacity of batteries is making their ability to keep power flowing around the clock more likely.但电池存储容量的提升正使它们(清洁能源)更有可能日夜不停地供电。(2018年阅读二)

23.policy
n.①政策,方针②原则,为人之道③保险单
例:n.政策,方针
this might mean implementing policy such as a plastic tax that adds a cost to environmentally problematic action ,or banning single-use plastics altogether. 这可能意味着要实施一些政策,比如对危害环境的行为征收塑料税收以此来提高此类行为的成本,或完全禁止使用一次性塑料。(2019年阅读四)
记:词根poli(政治)+名词后缀-cy(表示性质、状态)=单词policy(与政治有关→政策、方针)

24.system
n.①体系,方法②系统③制度,体制
搭:social system 社会制度
educational system教育制度
例:n.制度,体制
the system also failed to regularly include women on juries until the mid-20 th century.直到20世纪中期,该制度才定期将女性纳入陪审团 。(2010年阅读四)

25.design
vt.①设计②策划,制定③旨在
n.①设计②设计图③意图
例:n.设计
two years before graduating from secondary school ,i took a sewing and design course thinking that i would more on to a fashion design course.中学毕业前两年,我学习了一门缝纫和设计课程,心想自己随后就能接着学习时尚设计课。(2017年翻译)

26.effect
vt.使发生,引起
n.①效果,影响②效果,印象③(个人)财产,所有物
搭:put sth. into effect 使某事生效,实施某事
in effect 实际上,事实上
take effect 开始起作用,见效
例:in effect ,the u.s can import food or it can import the workers who pick it.实际上,美国可以进口食品,也可以引进采摘食品的工人。
(2019年阅读三)
记:前缀ef-(=ex-,用在f前,出来,向外)+词根fect(做,作)=单词effect(向外做→做出来→结果,效果)

27.found
vt.提供资金,拨款
n.①基金,专款②资金,现款③(相当)数量,储备
搭:a disaster relief fund赈灾专款
例:n基金,专款
the fund will also be used to compensate landowners who set aside habitat.这笔基金也将用于赔偿那些留出栖息地的地方。(2016阅读二)

28.generation
n.①一代人,一代②一批,一届③(尤指电、热等的)产生
搭:future generation后代
例:n.(尤指电、热等的)产生
but that message did not play well with many in lowa,where windturbines dot the fields and provide 36 percent of the state’selectricity generation -and where tech giants like microsoft arebeing attracted by the availability of clean energy to power their
data centers.
但这个说法在艾奥瓦州并不怎么被大众认可,该州的风力涡轮机在田野上到处都有,并且供应该州36%的发电量——微软等科技巨头也被吸引过来,因为在当地很容易获取清洁能源来为数据中心供电。(2017年阅读二)
记:词根gener(出生)+名词后缀-ation(表示行为、结果)=单词generation(产生)

29.patent
vt.获得专利权
n.专利权、专利证书
adj.①有专利的,受专利保护的②明显的,赤裸裸的
搭:patent applications 专利申请
例:n.专利权,专利证明
critics make three main arguments against gene patents.批评人士提出了三个理由来反对基因专利。(2012年阅读三)

30.guilty
adj.①感到内疚的,感到惭愧的②犯了罪的,有过失的
例:adj.感到内疚的,感到惭愧的
for the low-sympathy kids, how much they shared appeared to turn on how inclined they were to feel guilty.对于缺乏同情心的孩子来说,他们愿意分享多少似乎取决于他们有多容易感到内疚。(2019年阅读一)
记:单词guilt(内疚)+形容词后缀-y(……的)=单词 guilty(感到内疚的)

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